Late-2020 Sky Events!

Is it just us or did it seem that 2020 was a longer than usual year? Yet while both the year and big Mars Opposition are waning, we can still look forward to some astronomical sights and surprises in the “20/20” sky. We list them in this week’s blog.

November 30 – Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Nov. 30, 2020, Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. All phases visible in white area and no phases visible in darkest area. Partial visibility guide: P1/P4: fist and last contact with Penumbra. Eclipse map adapted from Fred Espenak, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.

This is the last in a series of four penumbral lunar eclipses for the year. (There can at most be five lunar eclipses of any type in a year.) A penumbral eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the edges of Earth’s shadow, darkening it only slightly.  There will be no dramatic “bite” taken out of the Moon and it won’t turn the color of “blood.”

This eclipse is fully visible in most parts of North America except for a bit of the northeast, which will see an eclipsed Moon fall below the horizon at sundown. Northern Japan, the Korean peninsula, and the Russian far east will also see the whole show. South America, China, Australia, and the Philippines will see part of it. Africa, Antarctica, and parts of western Eurasia will miss out completely. The maximum eclipse will be at 9:42:49 UT.

Smartphones as big as the Galaxy Note 4 (shown) can be fitted to the FoneMate™ for imaging through select Tele Vue eyepieces. This is a great way to make time-lapse videos of lunar eclipses.

The best way to prove to your friends an eclipse took place at all is with a time-lapse video showing the Moon “dipping its toes” into the Earth’s shadow. A smartphone with a time-lapse app makes it easy to do this. To reasonably enlarge the size of the Moon, you’ll need to image through your telescope with the smartphone. We recommend using the sturdy clamp-arms of Tele Vue’s FoneMate connected to a compatible low-power Tele Vue eyepiece. A tracking mount for your scope will help keep the Moon in view during the time-lapse.

December 14 – Total Solar Eclipse

The center path-line for the December 14th total eclipse travels mostly over the southern Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The only major landfall is through a narrow strip of Chile and Argentina in southern South America. The eclipse then crosses the ocean and ends right off the coast of Namibia. However, people on land there will see only a partially eclipsed Sun setting over the ocean. The maximum eclipse will be at 16:13:28 UTC.

Solar Eclipse maps and data courtesy of Fred Espenak and Jean Meeus, “Five Millennium Catalog of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000” (NASA/TP-2008-214170). Green lines denote limits of visibility. Key to Solar Eclipse Figures.

A partial eclipse will be visible to a large swath of South America for thousands of miles on either side of the line. While Brasilia, Brazil, at the extreme northern limit of visibility will only experience a slight dimming of the Sun (8.5%), the major cities of Lima, Peru and La Paz, Bolivia will see 17% obscuration, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil will see almost 30% of the Sun blocked. To the south, Tierra Del Fuego, Argentina, at the tip of the South American continent will experience 50% of the Sun occulted by the Moon. The Moon’s shadow will also reach the research stations on the Antarctic Peninsula before the Sun escapes from the Moon’s shadow. 

2017-08-21 Solar Eclipse HDR by flickr user Andrew Thomas. All rights reserved. Used by permission. The Tele Vue-76 is an excellent eclipse travel scope and would be a good choice for Eclipse chasers. Here’s an image made by Andrew Thomas during the Great American Eclipse in August 2017. Andrew writes: “In this photo, the detailed structure of the solar corona and reflected Earthshine illuminating the surface of the Moon is revealed in this HDR composite of images taken at different exposure lengths. Regulus, the brightest star in Leo, is visible to the far left …”. Imaged with Tele Vue-76mm APO refractor with Nikon D7100 DSLR camera riding on an iOptron iEQ45 Pro mount. Capture software was Eclipse Orchestrator v3.7. 4 sets of exposures at 1/1600, 1/400, 1/100, 1/25, 1/6, 1/3, and 6/10 sec @ ISO 200, stacked to reduce noise and enhance detail. Location: Madras, Oregon.

Meet the Tele Vue-76!
Our very portable Tele Vue-76 APO refractor has been popular with eclipse-chasers (always use a solar filter) as well as with users that cross over into spotting and birding. With the popularity of small and powerful dedicated imaging cameras, the performance of the Tele Vue-76 is getting noticed by deep-sky imagers on the go.
 

Tele Vue-76 is a 76-mm diameter objective, 480mm focal length, f/6.3, APO (Doublet) refractor that combines compact size with APO optical performance and 2″ eyepiece capability. The maximum field-of-view is an almost binocular-like 5.5° with our 41-mm Panoptic (11.7x) or 55mm Plössl (8.7x). The 5.0° field-of-view of the 31mm Nagler (15.5x) is another option for wide-field/self-finder use. The 2″, 10:1 dual speed, rack-and-pinion focuser features dual tension adjustment screws on the drawtube and dual lock screws on the end-ring. The OTA includes a sliding metal dew shield and screw-on metal lens cap. Available in tough, durable, powder-coated ivory or green tube colors. A custom-fitted padded case with room for accessories is included. The latitude of power and field afforded by this scope allows you to explore astronomical, spotting, and birding targets with the same scope. Available in ivory or green tube, all Tele Vue telescopes come with a 5-year Limited Warranty

 
Optional Tele Vue-76 Accessory Package (TVP-3066) adds 3″ tube ring- with mounting threads, a telescope balance aid bar that allows for a greater range of shifting the OTA over the mount (great when trying to balance binocular viewers or heavy eyepieces and cameras), 2″, 90° Everbrite dielectric (99%, 1/10-wave) coated mirror diagonal with 1¼” eyepiece adapter and brass clamp rings, and 18.2-mm DeLite eyepiece with 20-mm eye-relief that yields 2.3° true field of view at 26x in the Tele Vue-76.

 

If traveling to South America from abroad, make sure to read up on the COVID-19 restrictions as they vary by country. As of this writing, some nations were very restrictive (COVID-19 test, quarantine required, government or medical travel only, etc.) and others were allowing travel at will. 

December 21 – Jupiter and Saturn Great Conjunction

Jupiter and Saturn have been drawing closer and closer together in the evening sky. A week after the total eclipse, on December 21, they’ll be in conjunction and slightly more than 6-arc minutes (a little more than 1/10 of a degree) apart. This means that even in large scopes they will be within the same field of view of a high-power eyepiece. You’ll be able to see the bands of Jupiter and the rings of Saturn at the same time. This is a very rare event and you must see it if at all possible!

A simulated eyepiece view of the Jupiter and Saturn conjunction on 21 December 2020 with stars removed. The field of view is about ¼ degrees. The four Galilean moons will be easy to spot.  Saturn’s moons are much dimmer and will blend in with the field stars. Your view may be rotated and inverted depending on the equipment used and location on the Earth.

How to Observe the Great Conjunction
There is no need to wait until the day of the event to observe the planets. They’re the brightest objects in the south-western sky at dusk and it’s a fun family project to watch the pair drawing ever closer together each night.  The planetary duo is currently less than 3° apart and visible together in short focal length scopes. For instance, in a Tele Vue-NP127is with 21mm Ethos eyepiece, you’ll see Jupiter and Saturn floating in a 3.1° field at 31x. On the last day in November, at just 2.3° apart, small, wide-field 1¼” eyepieces, like our 32mm or 40mm Plössl and 24mm Panoptic will show the planets in the same scope. These same small eyepieces will show the planets side-by-side in a 1,200mm Dobsonian, on December 9th, when they are 1.3° apart.
 
For best viewing, take your scope out before sunset and let the tube achieve ambient temperature before observing. This will eliminate tube currents that can blur the view. 
 
Start by using your low-power, wide-field view that shows both planets with their moons against a starry background. It should be a memorable lifetime experience. Since the planets are quite close, you can increase the magnification to a point where both planets are in the field but are not yet blurred by atmospheric limits due to being close to the horizon. 

 

The down-side of this spectacular event is that the planets are drawing nearer to Sol and will be 30° from the setting Sun on the day of the conjunction. So you won’t have much time in the evening to enjoy the show. Being in the vicinity of -20° Declination, the planetary duo will be highest in the sky in equatorial regions. From London, the planets will be less than 15° above the horizon in the south-western sky at sunset. From the equator, at sunset, the story is better with the conjunction 29° above the horizon. From mid-southern latitudes, including Tasmania and the San Matias Gulf of Patagonia, the pair will be 19° in altitude as the Sun plunges below the horizon.

Did you observe, sketch, or image with Tele Vue gear? We’ll like your social media post on that if you tag it #televue and the gear used. Example:
#televue #tv85 #ethos #jupiter #saturn #conjunction
 
Do you want your Tele Vue images re-posted on Tele Vue Optics’ Social Media accounts? Use this hashtag for consideration:
#RPTVO
 
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